A herniated disc is a condition that occurs along the spine. Most often, it is found in the lower back. The spine is comprised of 24 bones, and five of them are found in the lower back. There are also nerves and intervertebral discs in the spine. With a herniated disc, the jelly-like nucleus begins to push against its outer ring. If the pressure continues, it may push through the outer ring and begin to bulge. Generally, low back pain is the first symptom of this condition. Other symptoms may include weakness in the legs, shooting pain down the back of one leg, numbness in the legs or loss of bladder control. Back pain can range from moderate to severe. Call REHABILITY today to see how physical therapy can help you live a pain-free life.
Causes and Risk Factors of a Herniated Disc
A herniated disc is typically the result of the wearing down of the spine due to age. It’s known as disc degeneration. When you’re young, the discs in the spine contain a high water content. With age, the water content decreases and the discs begin to shrink. This process makes the aging process prone to disc herniation. Risk factors for back pain and a herniated disc include being a male between the ages of 20 and 50, being overweight, engaging in improper lifting and repetitive activities, driving frequently and having a sedentary lifestyle. When doing something that is physically demanding, it is important to use safe movement techniques to prevent an injury such as a herniated disc.
Diagnosing a Herniated Disc
After discussing your symptoms with a doctor, a physical exam will be performed to determine whether or not you have a herniated disc. A neurological exam may also be done. During this exam, muscle strength and sensation will be assessed. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan may be done to confirm the diagnosis. This scan is able to show a herniated disc in the lower back region. If the disc is putting pressure on the spine, it can be detected. Likely, your doctor will recommend physical therapy for pain relief.
How a Physical Therapist Can Help Disc Herniation
A physical therapist will begin with passive treatments for herniated discs. Passive physical treatments include deep tissue massage, cold therapy, hydrotherapy, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and traction. Deep tissue massage utilizes pressure to relieve muscle tension and spasms. Hot therapy may be used to increase blood flow to the target area to accelerate healing. Cold therapy helps reduce inflammation. Hydrotherapy relaxes muscles and brings pain relief. The TENS machine uses an electrical current that triggers the release of endorphins, which are the body’s natural painkillers. Traction may be implemented to reduce pressure on the spine.
A physical therapist will also have you engage in active treatments for disc herniation. You’ll engage in core exercises to strengthen your back, muscle strengthening exercises, and stretching and flexibility movements to increase movement. With physical therapy, your therapist will teach you self-care principles to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Physical therapy has been proven to be effective for disc herniation. It is a noninvasive alternative to surgery and prescription painkillers.
Are you suffering from back pain? If so, give us a call. Our experienced and certified physical therapists can assist you with back pain or a herniated disc. An individualized treatment plan will be created to target the affected area. Why suffer from pain when physical therapy can help get you on the road to recovery and good health? Contact our Freehold, NJ physical therapy office today to schedule an appointment.